ANA BOLINCHES MARÍ
METODOLOGÍA DE ESTUDIO EN RELACIONES INTERNACIONALES
1º RELACIONES INTERNACIONALES Y TRADUCCIÓN E INTERPRETACIÓN
The Danish Education System
The educational level in Denmark is one of the highest in the European Union.
The goal of this paper is to examine the main stregths of the Danish education system and to discuss which areas need improvement. Firstly it will analyse its structure and then it will give an overview of the principal domestic politics related to education that have been established in the last few years. As we will see, these measures will ensure the sudents in Denmark to get a distinctive and high-qualified education.
In accordance with Hilda Fingermann (Fingermann, 2011), Denmark has the highest qualified education system in the European Union and a model for the world. The main goal of the education programme in Denmark is to provide all its students with the same expertise and academic learning without taking into account of their social class, sex or the purchasing power of their families (Danish Ministry of Education) The goverment aspire to build the perfect educational structure so as to achieve all these ambitions. This structure is composed by children of various ages that group in different stages:
Scholarship in Denmark is compulsary from 5 to 16 years old. But there are also other day care services for children who are under that ages that benefit parents who can’t take care of them during the day. These centers are called “nursery” or “kindergarten” and, as it is mentioned above, they are optional.
The next stage is called Folkeskole, which is obligatory. It comprises the primary school and lower secondary. Where can a pupil receive this education? They have the opportunity to attend public schools, which are funded by the goverment and incurred by taxpayers, or they can also go to private and independent schools, which are less common and have their own studying schedules .
As for the primary school, also known as elementary school, goes from 5 to 11 years old. After that, they start the lower secondary school, from 12 to 16 years old. Once they have lasted this stage, they can study another optional year. Both primary and lower secondary schools are regulated by the Folkestole Act of each region, that lays down the aims, the school arrangement and its organisation.
Then, students continue their compulsary studies at the upper secondary school, which is regulated by each province, there, students choose the learning that will suit their future university studies (European Agency of Special Needs and Inclusive ducation, 2011) Considering the higher education sector, which is set by the Danish Ministry of Education, includes: Universities, colleges, Academies of profesional higher education and adult education to that people who want to continue or start any study at any time of their life. Also shoud be mentioned some postgraduate degrees, such us Masters and PHD Degrees. (Danish Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation)
Every single educational stage discussed above, higher education included, is free of charged for that students from the EU/EEA and for that students who are taking part on an Exchange programme. That’s one of the reasons that may explain why its population has one of the highest educational level in the world, since all of them have the opportunity to receive both basic and higher education studies. (“Study in denmark,” 2012)
Danish educational system goes over the top. According to the 2012 PISA report, Denmark provides the necessary skills that children need in order to acquire effective and high-level knowledge so as to find a better job in the future. The results of this analysis help the goverment of the country to realize which policies should be applied in order to change for the better and develop the areas where students need to progress. (Balling Rasmussen)
As reported by PISA, the great strenghts of the Danish educational system are the following: public education; high investment, as it spends 2 % of its GDF every year; high qualified teachers, all of them must have university studies; active role of the parents at schools; renewed installations and technological material access, even the exams are taken by the computers; integration policy for foreign students, great involvement of the students during the lessons and especially the desire to continuously improve.
Another factor that uplifts the foreign language learning is that most television series and films are broadcasted in their original version. Moreover, most schools offer billingual studies in English and Danish to the students since they are at elementary school, some of them even at the nursery and day care centers, so students have a high mastery of that language once they have finished their studies. (“¿Qué hacer si,” 2014)
Domestic policy in Denmark focuses on improving this educational system gradually and to be at the forefront of the European education . Some of the the main measures in order to achieve this objective are: setting a common learning programme for all primary and secondary educational systems by the Danish Educational Ministry; teachers should focuse more on their pedagogical role and giving more support to foreign students and to those who need special assistance. Others intentions are introducing more optional courses and sport activities among the established educational programmes and also providing the teachers with more training and renewed academic learning. One of the principal goals the Danish Goverment pretends to accomplish is magnifying the internationalisation, that is to say, increasing the outgoing students by promoting Erasmus and other exchange programmes by the goverment’s fundings. (“Education policy outlook,” 2014)
Finally, considering that this country not only spends a lot of money on educational investment, but also tries to promote new regulations so as to update the educational system, is to be expected that the Danish education is one of the best in the world. (“Combinig the best,” 2012) The population needs change over time, so the academic learning must be adapted to the requests they call. Denmarks perfectly deals with that challenges.
Fingermann, H. (2011). Education in denmark. Retrieved from http://www.euroeducation.net/prof/denmarco.htm
Danish Ministry of Education. (n.d.). The Danish educational system. Retrieved from http://eng.uvm.dk
European Agency of Special Needs and Inclusive Education. (2011, November 18). La educación inclusiva en Europa. Retrieved from http://www.mecd.gob.es/revista-cee/pdf/n18-soriano-degracia.pdf
Danish Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation. (n.d.). Higher studies in denmark. Retrieved from http://www.norden.org/en/fakta-om-norden-1/the-ministries-in-the-nordic-countries/ministries-in-denmark/ministry-of-science-technology-innovation-dk
Study in denmark. (2012). Retrieved from http://studyindenmark.dk/study-options/the-danish-way-of-teaching-1/the-danish-way-of-teaching-1
Balling Rasmussen, J. (n.d.). El proceso “pisa” en dinamarca. Retrieved from http://www.isei-ivei.net/cast/pub/Denmark23-03-2006Cast.pdf
¿Qué hacer si no eres capaz de mantener una conversación en inglés?. (2014, September 4). Retrieved from http://www.elblogdeidiomas.com/2014/09/que-hacer-si-no-eres-capaz-de-tener-una.html
Education policy outlook denmark. (2014, April). Retrieved from http://www.oecd.org/edu/EDUCATION POLICY OUTLOOK DENMARK_EN.pdf
Combinig the best of the danish and the german educational systems . (2012, November). Retrieved from http://sanktpetriskole.dk/Files/Billeder/Billeder af elever/PRESSE/Presse Scan Magazin.pdf